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They also help build the statistical capacity of First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and people. Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada. This includes those who are First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who are Registered or Treaty Indians (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada), and/or those who have membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Statistics. Individual and family income by source, and spending in Indigenous households. Just over one in ten (11.0%) of off-reserve First Nations youth and 7.8% of Métis youth report having a mood disorder. Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada, and some consider them to be pejorative. “Crowded housing” is categorized into dwellings that have a one-bedroom shortfall, a two-bedroom shortfall or a shortfall of three or more bedrooms. Nearly 22% of the population is now foreign-born, and about 60% of new immigrants come from Asia … These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. Our key sources of information on First Nations people, Métis and Inuit are collected every five years. In 2006, 4.8% of the Indigenous population was 65 years of age or older; by 2016, this proportion had risen to 7.3%. Changing any selection will automatically update the page content. In 1871 there was an enumeration of the indigenous population within the limits of Canada at the time, showing a total of only 102,358 individuals. For example, some would still use the term “Indian” to describe themselves. “Food insecurity among Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat.” Insights on Canadian Society. Return to footnote 3 referrer. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. Canada's population clock (real-time model) This population clock models, in real time, changes to the size of the Canadian population and the provinces and territories.. First Nations communities recognize the importance of data for community planning and development. Indigenous foster children were reported to have poorer educational performance (less likely to have A's and more likely to have repeated a grade) than other children, but were also less likely to have missed school in the past two weeks and were more likely to be receiving tutoring. First Nations, Métis and Inuit men with at least a bachelor’s degree had higher earnings than those with lower levels of education. “Aboriginal identity” refers to whether a person identified with the Aboriginal peoples of Canada. Indigenous people represented an estimated 5% of the Canadian population in 2015. The current categories (First Nations [Status and non-Status], Métis and Inuk) do not cover the complexities of modern treaties. In particular, Statistics Canada notes women are at higher risk, with 41% of Indigenous women living food insecure compared to 34% of men. The Indigenous population of Canada is young, with 26.8% of Indigenous people in 2016 under the age of 15, and 31.0% aged between 15 and 34 years; compared to 16.4% and 25.2% respectively for the non-Indigenous population. A map of the geographic area is also included in the product. Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2016 Census. The advisors work with communities and organizations to increase the understanding of, and access to, Statistics Canada data products and services, as well as promote the use of these data sources for decision-making and community-planning activities. Explore the distribution of the population with Aboriginal identity across Canada in 2016 using the Census Program Data Viewer. Among the Metis, one in four had completed a college diploma in 2016, compared with one in five in 2006. This represents a significant change from 1986, when 136 reserves were incompletely enumerated. The census released in October pegged Toronto’s Indigenous population at 23,065, up from the 19,270 census estimate in 2011. A distinctions-based approach is preferred. Seniors will make up a larger share of the First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations over the coming years. Since 2006, the Indigenous population grew by 42.5%, which is more than four times faster than the rest of the population. This paper aims to give an overview of trends regarding the fertility of Aboriginal people in Canada at the turn of the 21st century (mostly between 1996 and 2011). Statistics Canada reports that these Indigenous figures should be used with caution because the coefficient of variation, which measures the sampling error, is between 16.6 and 33.3. The book surveys the complicity of statistics in the colonization of indigenous peoples, like those of the authors in Australia (Walter is Trawlwoolway) and Canada (Andersen is Métis). The Inuit population (65,025) grew by 29.1% from 2006 to 2016. Table 1 Population by Indigenous Identity, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 and 2016 Census . A positive school environment is associated with positive mental health outcomes for off-reserve First Nations youth. They generally include thinking about suicide, inflicting self-harm or attempting suicide, which may result in death (see Suicide). Department of Justice (2018). View all content related to Indigenous peoples. Findings from past cycles of the APS continues to be used and can tell powerful stories when linked with administrative data. This suggests that many people, especially young people, One‑quarter (23.1%) of First Nations people lived in crowded housing in 2016. The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Actand those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. Information about housing conditions, house features, crowding, and unmet shelter needs for Indigenous peoples. A map image of the geographic area is also included in the product. Suicide is also a global public health problem; in 2012, for example, approximately 804,000 people in the world died by suicide. From 2006 to 2016, the number of First Nations, Métis and Inuit youth aged 15 to 34 increased by 39%, compared to just over 6% for their non-Indigenous youth. The term “Aboriginal” was used by Statistics Canada during the 2016 census and respondents would have self-identified as such. The Nunavut Inuit Labour Force Analysis (NILFA), a supplement to the Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 2017 included more than 7,700 Inuit, aged 15 years and older, across 25 communities in Nunavut. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data. Among Inuit, those living in Inuit Nunangat were more likely to be able to speak an Inuit language than those living outside. This statistic shows the distribution of in-custody adults in federal correctional services in Canada in the fiscal year of 2019, by risk level and indigenous identity. They present the epistemology, paradigm, and practice of indigenous statistics in accessible language. In the 2016 census by Statistics Canada, over 1.6 million people in Canada identified as Indigenous, making up 4.9 per cent of the national population. “Indigenous,” although increasingly mainstream, is not universally accepted. Statistics Canada is planning to support initiatives that will provide opportunities for more meaningful service delivery in statistical capacity building and will be grounded in the needs of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit, through a distinction-based approach. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the Indigenous population available for various geographic areas. Boyce, Jillian. The Métis population (587,545) had the largest increase of any of the groups over the 10-year span, rising 51.2% from 2006 to 2016. The 2016 Census of Population Program offers a wide range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. Statistics Canada. Further, one-third of the urban Indigenous population lives in food insecure households. Harvesting activities such as hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering wild plants have been part of Aboriginal peoples’ ways of living for millennia. Return to footnote 2 referrer. The majority of Canadians perceive official languages positively While 4% of the population claims an aboriginal identity, another 16% belongs to a non-aboriginal visible minority. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. For young and Indigenous people, the problem is especially pronounced. In the description for Chart 8 in the HTML, there were data errors for the categories ‘Trades certificate (non-apprenticeship)’, ‘Apprenticeship certificate’, ‘College diploma’ and ‘Bachelor's degree or higher’. Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. Measures of labour market activity, such as employment, characteristics of jobs held, and unemployment. 2016. Research on Indigenous and Northern issues. In Canada, approximately 12 people per 100,000 die by suicide each year. COVID-19 is increasing the economic stress on Canada's urban Indigenous population, including Inuit, says a new article from Statistics Canada. Demographic characteristics and Indigenous groups, Other content related to Indigenous peoples, 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portraits, Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census. 85-002-X. Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey, 2007-2014. Is this person an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit)? However, Métis men with an apprenticeship certificate had earnings almost as high as Métis men with at least a bachelor’s degree. To date, there have been over 50 discussions in 36 locations with roughly 400 participants, including representatives of federal departments. Statistics Canada is committed to strengthening or renewing partnerships with Indigenous organizations, institutions, and communities, and in collaboration with other governments. THUNDER BAY — The 2016 national census showed that Thunder Bay had the biggest proportion of Indigenous people among Canada's larger population centres – … Of these, there were 36 languages that had at least 500 speakers. There remains a small population, less than 2%, of Aboriginal peoples, who according to archeological and historical records, have inhabited this region for more than 3,000 years. Indigenous Peoples represent the fastest growing and youngest population in Canada. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. The Statistics Canada numbers, based on the 2016 census, show Winnipeg's census metropolitan area (CMA) with 92,810 people identifying as Indigenous — First Nations, Métis and Inuit. are learning Indigenous languages as second languages. Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Population Profile presents information from the 2016 Census of Population for various geographic areas. The resulting portrait of the state of health inequalities in Canada is available through the Health Inequalities Data Tool, an online interactive database.. On April 16, 2019, Statistics Canada released the article ‘Harvesting activities among First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit: Time trends, barriers and associated factors, 2001-2017’. Here are some of the previous findings: Indigenous women are almost three times as likely as non-Indigenous women to be a victim of violent crime. As Winnipeg's Indigenous population continues to grow, the city is also becoming less segregated, says a new report from Statistics Canada. The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Act and those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. The data portrait of First Nations people, Métis, Inuit and their communities and businesses is not as comprehensive as it is for the general population. New analytical opportunities are opened up when these are combined with the Census. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data. Since 2006, the Indigenous population grew by 42.5%, which is more than four times faster than the rest of the population. Complete data on Aboriginal populations can be viewed here More than half of Métis aged 45 or older reported strong family networks. ... Statistics Canada is receptive to the study. The errors were corrected March 26, 2018. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … The term 'Bachelor's degree or higher' corresponds to the category 'University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above' in the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' classification. The average house price in the city was $2821 and the average annual earnings for wage-earner families was $1033. Approximately 97 per cent of th… Supporting Indigenous-led statistical capacity building is an important aspect of self-determination and instrumental for Indigenous leadership and governments in planning, delivery, and reporting to their own citizens. Collecting data in the North presents unique challenges because of the remoteness of the communities and the weather. Further, one-third of the urban Indigenous population lives in food insecure households. The data from the census are very important to communities and organizations and the way we describe the population should allow us to identify those who are most in need of programs and services. About one in six (17.9%) Indigenous children aged 0 to 4 shared a household with at least one grandparent, compared with 9.5% of non-Indigenous children. The objectives of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are to identify the needs of Aboriginal peoples and to inform policy and programs aimed at improving the well-being of Aboriginal peoples. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 2012. One-quarter (26.2%) of Inuit, 24.2% of First Nations people and 11.3% of Métis lived in a dwelling that was in need of major repairs. Among the Inuit, the percentage with a college diploma increased from about 17% to almost 19%. The analysis warns: 2016. Earnings were much higher among First Nations, Métis and Inuit women with at least a bachelor’s degree than among those with lower levels of education. Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. LFS data are used to produce the well-known unemployment rate as well as other standard labour market indicators such as the employment rate and the participation rate. 2016. Census Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Peoples Highlight Tables, 2016 Census Although Indigenous children accounted for 7.7% of all children aged 0 to 4, they accounted for more than one-half (51.2%) of all foster children in this age group. Among the Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat, 52% of adults experienced food insecurity. 91-552-X. Education and skills related to the Indigenous population in Canada, including educational attainment, field of study, educational outcomes, literacy, and technology use. Indigenous people are not recovering from loss of employment during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as non-Indigenous Canadians, according to new data from Statistics Canada. “Building sustainable futures” was the motto of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) that focused on the economic participation of off-reserve First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. The Inuit are the youngest of the three groups, with an average age of 27.7 years, followed by First Nations people (30.6 years) and Métis (34.7 years). Child care and family responsibilities were most often cited by Inuit women as reasons for leaving high school or postsecondary programs. Health at a Glance: Food Insecurity in Canada (Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada, March 25, 2015). 4 Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Population Profile. Consult "Differences between Statistics Canada's census counts and population estimates" to learn more about this topic. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. The most widely spoken Indigenous languages were Cree, Inuktitut and Ojibway. Under the Employment Equity Act, Aboriginal people are a designated group along with women, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities; as such, they are neither a visible minority under the Act or in the view of Statistics Canada. Ontario has a population of 301,425 indigenous Canadians … To this end, the Agency has developed standards of service which its employees observe in serving its clients. In light of changing terminology, recent court decisions and the Government’s renewed commitment to Indigenous people, Statistics Canada is actively seeking feedback from First Nations, Métis and Inuit governments, organizations and individuals on the concepts and categories used in the census as well as what data they need. Half of First Nations people living off reserve report themselves in very good or excellent health. Saskatchewan’s Indigenous population has remained more rural than the rest of the province — at least according to Statistic Canada’s definitions. The proportion of people reporting an Aboriginal identity continues to grow, according to the most recent data. Out of those estimated 5 million people, 1.34 million children are in poverty. “Victimization of Aboriginal people in Canada, 2014.” Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada. The Statistics and Measurement Directorate is the focal point of contact within Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) for demographic and socio-economic statistics on Aboriginal peoples and Northerners. Paradoxically, the Aboriginal population in Canada is both young – 32.1 years old, on average, compared to 40.9 years old for non-Aboriginals – and aging: 7.3 per cent of Indigenous … Statistics Canada built partnerships with Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., the Government of Nunavut, Pilimmaksaivik, Indigenous Services, Crown–Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, and Employment and Social Development Canada in order to transform a standard government recruitment process into one that was engaging, responsive to the unique challenges of the North, culturally sensitive and, ultimately, removed barriers to employment. In 2013, 43% of Indigenous people had confidence in the justice system and the courts, compared with 58% of non-Indigenous people. The proportion of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status who lived in a dwelling that needed major repairs was more than three times higher on reserve than off reserve (14.2%). The 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait Series presents 2016 Census of Population information for First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities in a visual and accessible way. About 20% of Indigenous people aged 15 and over experienced food insecurity in the past 12 months. “The reality is in the statistics.” Indigenous people make up only five percent of Canada’s population, but 30 percent of all incarcerations – comparable to the figures in the U.S., where Blacks and African Americans make up just over 13 percent of the general population, but … Two main factors have contributed to the growing Indigenous population: the first is natural growth, which includes increased life expectancy and relatively high fertility rates; the second factor relates to changes in self-reported identification. There are three (First Nations, Inuit and Métis ) distinctive groups of North America indigenous peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35. Demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous children, and data on health and well-being. See Statistics Canada, First Nations People, Métis and Inuit in Canada: Diverse and Growing Populations, 20 March 2018. First Nations people and Métis were more likely to report a chronic condition. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. In comparison, 6.0% of the non-Indigenous population reported living in a dwelling in need of major repairs. The 2016 Census had the highest number of participating reserves, with only 14 reserves that were not enumerated of a total of 984. Educational attainment refers to a person's highest certificate, diploma or degree. Table 1 Population by Indigenous Identity, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 and 2016 Census . The first results of the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today, show that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples represented 2.8 per cent of the population counted in the 2016 Census – … In fact, the population in the city of Kamloops dropped to 5,959 by 1941 – Kamloops was ranked 129th in Canada by population size. Aboriginal Demography: Population, Household and Family Projections, 2001-2026: Statistics and Measurement Directorate 2006 A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada: Determinants of Health, 2006 to 2010 This series was developed in partnership with Indigenous Services Canada. Canadian Provinces and Territories by Indigenous Population. Therefore a house with a one-bedroom shortfall would require a single extra bedroom in order to adequately house the number of people who live there. In September 2017, Statistics Canada initiated a broad series of dialogues with First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and communities in every province and territory, about the content of the 2021 Census and their data needs. Indigenous Canadians (also known as Aboriginal Canadians, Native Canadians or First Peoples) are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of Canada. These rates were highest for Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat (31.5%) and Status First Nations people living on reserve (44.2%). ... range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. From 2006 to 2016, the share of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit who had completed high school went up by roughly 10 percentage points. Put simply, more people are newly identifying as First Nations, Métis or Inuit on the census—a continuation of a trend over time. Indigenous Peoples represent the fastest growing and youngest population in Canada. Labour market impacts of COVID-19 on Indigenous people: March to August 2020, Perceptions of safety of Indigenous people during the COVID-19 pandemic, StatCan COVID-19: Data to Insights for a Better Canada Economic impact of COVID-19 among Indigenous people, Indigenous people and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, Study: Indigenous people in urban areas: Vulnerabilities to the socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19. The Aboriginal Liaison Advisor program started in the 1980s with one advisor working in Alberta and has grown to a network of eleven positions across the country. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. 4 Custom table based on Statistics Canada’s Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. Footnote 4. Users can search for an area of interest among census subdivisions (municipalities), census divisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, provinces and territories, Métis settlements, Inuit regions, Indian band and Tribal … In 2016, employment rates were above 80% for degree holders among each of these groups, and among Métis with college diplomas or apprenticeship certificates. Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2016. These groups include: As part of its modernization initiative, Statistics Canada, in partnership with organizations such as Indigenous Services, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs and Indigenous organizations, is striving to find new analytical methods, such as data modelling, which would leverage the power of the information we gather. The fall of 2018 total of 984 serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada, 2011 to 2036 serves. 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